TEXAS HILL COUNTRY TRAVEL, HISTORY AND FEATURE STORIES PLUS ENCHANTED ROCK INFO

Texas Hill Country including Fredericksburg and Llano Texas

Texas Hill Country from Llano to Fredericksburg
CLICK ON THE IMAGE ABOVE FOR DETAILS IN THAT CATEGORY

Enchanted Rock, Texas Hill Country Wine and WineriesHill Country History and Travel in Texas:
From Enchanted Rock and Fredericksburg to Llano TX  and San Marcos with articles about Texas Hill Country Gold, pioneer recipes, Texas Hill Country Wine, Texas historyIndians of Texasroad trips, Hill Country bed & breakfast lodging, Llano Texas real estate, plus articles on Hill Country Pearls and Texas Cherokee by Ira Kennedy, publisher, editor (of sorts), writer, photographer, artist & website designer living in Llano County near Enchanted Rock in the middle of nowhere..

The Texas Hill Country has been appreciated for its natural beauty, abundant wildlife and fertile soil for over 10,000 years . Flowing from deep springs in southeastern corner of Kimble County toward the northeast for 106 miles The Pedernales River crosses Gillespie, Blanco, and Hays counties, to its mouth on Lake Travis. The name Pedernales River translates from the Spanish as River of Flint due to the abundance of flint rocks found in the riverbed and frequently quarried by Native Americans to fashion flint tools.

wpe2.jpg (79115 bytes)

On the basis of Paleo-Indian projectile points, or arrowheads, archaeological evidence human habitation in the Texas Hill Country can be traced back at least 12,000 years. The names of the original tribes in the area are not known. The first written records, dating from the sixteenth century, are of the Tonkawa. In the early 1700s the Apache displaced the Tonkawa and by the end of the century the Comanche had displaced the Apache. During this period the Spanish were increasingly concerned about incursions into Texas by the French, who were supplying arms to the Comanche. In an effort to expand control of what the Spanish considered their territory to the north, they sent expeditionary forces into The Lomeria or Hill Country in search of a suitable site for a mission which was expected to serve several purposes. Apart from establishing an outpost in this unknown frontier in the Hill Country, it would be the primary mission for converting the Lipan Apache to Christianity.

The mission, with its Apache warriors, would also be a buffer against Comanche attacks further south, particularly on the settlement in San Antonio. In 1750 the Spanish government proposed the establishment of a new mission among the Lipan Apache Indians who lived along the Pedernales River. Led by Lieutenant Juan Galvan from the Presidio de San Antonio de Bejar, the regions around the Pedernales and Llano Rivers were explored but lacked the fertile soil, timber and abundant water necessary to support a mission and a presidio. The presidio alone would be home to almost four hundred inhabitants, including women and children. Finally, along the San Saba River they found what they had been seeking; fertile soil, timber and abundant water.

Also on the minds of the Spanish authorities were rumors of abundant veins of gold and silver in Hill Country. On February 17, 1756 Bernardo de Miranda y Flores departed San Antonio with twenty-three men with instructions to locate an already legendary silver mine, Cerro del Almagre or Hill of Red Ochre. Eight days later, having endured torrential rains, flooded rivers, and rocky terrain, they arrived at the Almagre. Within the hill Miranda claimed to have found a tremendous stratum of silver-bearing ore. "The mines which are in the Cerro del Almagre," Miranda reported, "are so numerous that I guarantee to give every settler in the province of Texas a full claim…" The Amalgre fostered numerous legends of lost silver mines which attracted speculators for over a century...   

Read more history of the Texas Hill Country here.


TEXAS HILL COUNTRY WINE  |  LLANO TEXAS  |   SAN MARCO TEXAS
BUSINESS &TOURISMLINKS 
INTERNET SEARCH ENGINES   |
ENCHANTED ROCK TEXAS HISTORY | LLANO TEXAS HISTORY

button2.jpg (7493 bytes)

LLANO MUSEUMS  |  LLANO TEXAS DINING  |  LLANO TEXAS TRAVEL INFO
  FULL MOON INN LUCKENBACH  |      TEXAS WEDDING PLANNING  
FREDERICKSBURG TEXAS BED AND BREAKFAST  |  WILLOW CITY TEXAS

FREDERICKSBURG TEXAS LODGING

Google

.

WEBSITE UPDATED February 22, 2014